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Manpage of GROFF

Description: Manual Page

Keywords: ss7 ss7/ip ss7 over ip ss7 mtp ss7 sccp ss7 tcap sigtran mtp sccp tcap openss7 acb56 linux telephony pstn linux telephony linux nebs linux compactpci


GROFF

Section: User Commands (1)
Updated: 07 January 2002
Index Return to Main Contents

NAME

groff - front end for the groff document formatting system

SYNOPSIS


groff [ -abeghilpstvzCEGNRSUVXZ ] [ -w name ] [ -W name ] [ -m name ] [ -F dir ] [ -I dir ] [ -T dev ] [ -f fam ] [ -M dir ] [ -d cs ] [ -r cn ] [ -n num ] [ -o list ] [ -P arg ] [ -L arg ] [files...]

It is possible to have whitespace between a command line option and its parameter.

DESCRIPTION

groff is a front-end to the groff document formatting system. Normally it runs the troff program and a postprocessor appropriate for the selected device. Available devices are:
ps
For PostScript printers and previewers
dvi
For TeX dvi format.
X75
For a 75dpi X11 previewer.
X100
For a 100dpi X11 previewer.
ascii
For typewriter-like devices.
ascii8
For typewriter-like devices. Unlike ascii, this device is 8 bit clean. This device is intended to be used for codesets other than ASCII and ISO-8859-1.
latin1
For typewriter-like devices using the ISO Latin-1 (ISO 8859-1) character set.
utf8
For typewriter-like devices using the Unicode (ISO 10646) character set with UTF-8 encoding.
cp1047
For typewriter-like devices which use the EBCDIC code page IBM cp1047 (e.g. OS/390 Unix).
nippon
For typewriter-like devices using the Japanese-EUC character set.
lj4
For an HP LaserJet4-compatible (or other PCL5-compatible) printer.
lbp
For Canon CAPSL printers (LBP-4 and LBP-8 series laser printers).
html
To produce HTML output.

The postprocessor to be used for a device is specified by the postpro command in the device description file. This can be overridden with the -X option.

The default device is ps. It can optionally preprocess with any of pic, eqn, grn, grap, tbl, refer, or soelim.

Options without an argument can be grouped behind a single -. A filename of - denotes the standard input.

The grog command can be used to guess the correct groff command to use to format a file.

OPTIONS

-h
Print a help message.
-e
Preprocess with eqn.
-t
Preprocess with tbl.
-g
Preprocess with grn.
-G
Preprocess with grap.
-p
Preprocess with pic.
-s
Preprocess with soelim.
-Idir
This option is as described in soelim(1). This option implies the -s option.
-R
Preprocess with refer. No mechanism is provided for passing arguments to refer because most refer options have equivalent commands which can be included in the file. See refer(1) for more details.
-v
Make programs run by groff print out their version number.
-V
Print the pipeline on stdout instead of executing it.
-z
Suppress output from troff. Only error messages will be printed.
-Z
Do not postprocess the output of troff. Normally groff will automatically run the appropriate postprocessor.
-Parg
Pass arg to the postprocessor. Each argument should be passed with a separate -P option. Note that groff does not prepend - to arg before passing it to the postprocessor.
-l
Send the output to a spooler for printing. The command used for this is specified by the print command in the device description file (if not present, -l has no effect).
-Larg
Pass arg to the spooler. Each argument should be passed with a separate -L option. Note that groff does not prepend - to arg before passing it to the postprocessor. If there is no print command in the device description file, -L is ignored.
-Tdev
Prepare output for device dev. The default device is ps.
-X
Preview with gxditview instead of using the usual postprocessor. Groff passes gxditview a -printCommand option which will make the Print action do what groff would have done if the -l option had been given. This is unlikely to produce good results except with -Tps.
-N
Don't allow newlines with eqn delimiters. This is the same as the -N option in eqn.
-S
Safer mode. Pass the -S option to pic and disable the following troff requests: .open, .opena, .pso, .sy, and .pi. For security reasons, safer mode is enabled by default.
-U
Unsafe mode. Reverts to the old unsafe behaviour.
-a

-b
-i
-C
-E
-wname
-Wname
-mname
-olist
-dcs
-rcn
-Fdir
-Mdir
-ffam
-nnum
These are as described in troff(1).

ENVIRONMENT

GROFF_COMMAND_PREFIX
If this is set X, then groff will run Xtroff instead of troff. This also applies to tbl, pic, eqn, grn, refer, and soelim. It does not apply to grap, grops, grodvi, grotty, grolj4, grohtml, and gxditview.
GROFF_TMAC_PATH
A colon separated list of directories in which to search for macro files in addition to the default directories. See troff(1) for more details.
GROFF_TYPESETTER
Default device.
GROFF_FONT_PATH
A colon separated list of directories in which to search for the devname directory in addition to the default one. See troff(1) for more details.
GROFF_BIN_PATH
This search path, followed by PATH, will be used for commands executed by groff. If not set, `/usr/bin' is prepended to PATH.
GROFF_TMPDIR
The directory in which temporary files will be created. If this is not set and TMPDIR is set, temporary files will be created in that directory. Otherwise temporary files will be created in /tmp. The grops(1) and refer(1) commands can create temporary files.

FILES

u+3n
/usr/share/groff/1.17.2/font/devname/DESC Device description file for device name.
/usr/share/groff/1.17.2/font/devname/F
Font file for font F of device name.

Note that on EBCDIC hosts, output devices ascii, latin1, and utf8 aren't available. Similarly, cp1047 is not available on ASCII based operating systems.

EXAMPLE

To print the man page foo.1 to the standard output using the latin-1 output device and less as the pager, the following command can be used:
groff -mandoc -Tlatin1 foo.1 | less

Alternatively, you can say

groff -m mandoc -Tlatin1 foo.1 | less

AUTHOR

James Clark <jjc@jclark.com>

BUGS

Report bugs to bug-groff@gnu.org. Include a complete, self-contained example that will allow the bug to be reproduced, and say which version of groff you are using.

COPYRIGHT

Copyright © 1989-2000 Free Software Foundation, Inc.

groff is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by the Free Software Foundation; either version 2, or (at your option) any later version.

groff is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the GNU General Public License for more details.

You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License along with groff; see the file COPYING. If not, write to the Free Software Foundation, 59 Temple Place - Suite 330, Boston, MA 02111-1307, USA.

AVAILABILITY

The most recent released version of groff is always available for anonymous ftp from ftp.gnu.org in the directory gnu/groff.

groff only supports the freely available grap implementation written by Ted Faber <faber@lunabase.org>. The actual version can be found at

http://www.lunabase.org/~faber/Vault/software/grap/

SEE ALSO

grog(1), troff(1), tbl(1), pic(1), eqn(1), grn(1), grap(1), soelim(1), refer(1), grops(1), grodvi(1), grotty(1), grolj4(1), grolbp(1), grohtml(1), gxditview(1), groff_font(5), groff_out(5), groff_man(7), groff_ms(7), groff_me(7), groff_char(7)



Index

NAME
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
OPTIONS
ENVIRONMENT
FILES
EXAMPLE
AUTHOR
BUGS
COPYRIGHT
AVAILABILITY
SEE ALSO

This document was created by man2html, using the manual pages.
Time: 15:00:16 GMT, December 14, 2017
OpenSS7
SS7 for the
Common Man
Home TopIndex FirstPrev Next LastMore Download Info FAQ Mail  Home -> Documentation -> Man Pages -> Manpage of GROFF
Last modified: Mon, 07 Jan 2002 13:32:53 GMT
© Copyright 1997-2007 OpenSS7 Corporation All Rights Reserved.